Creating a site plan: step by step guide

Creating a Site Plan: Step-by-Step Guide

Crafting an accurate site plan provides crucial details for expedited processing of your permit application. While some opt for professional assistance (architects, engineers, surveyors, etc.), others tackle the task themselves, particularly for minor projects.

The following steps outline how to prepare a site plan, accompanied by a depiction of the final result after completing all four stages. Familiarity with your site, including lot and house dimensions, driveway and sidewalk sizes and locations, well and septic tank positions, tree protection details, slope, clearing limits, sediment controls, and environmentally sensitive features, is essential.

Step 1: Scale and Basic Layout
Utilize graph paper and select a measurement scale for the plan drawing. For clarity and readability, a recommended example is to assign each block of graph paper as equivalent to five (5) feet (or 1 inch = 25 feet). Once the scale is chosen, draw lot lines and place the house, driveway, and sidewalks on the plan. Note the closest distances in feet from the lot lines to the house (e.g., building setbacks), and indicate north with an arrow.

Step 2: Well and Septic Tank Placement
If applicable, mark the location of the well and septic tank (including drain field) on the site plan. Specify the distance in feet between them (minimum 75 feet). Additionally, include distances from any adjacent wells or septic tanks as required by the Volusia County Environmental Health Department.

Step 3: Environmental Features and Tree Protection
Identify any environmentally sensitive features (e.g., wetlands, sinkholes, 100-year floodplain) on your property. Locate and label protected trees by drawing a small circle and noting the tree’s name and size. Trees slated for removal should be crossed out. Protected trees typically have a diameter of six inches or greater at breast height (DBH). Measure the DBH by wrapping a tape measure around the tree at 54 inches above the ground and dividing by 3.14. During construction, ensure the area around protected trees within 75% of the radius of the critical protection zone (CPZ) is shielded from development activities.

Step 4: Construction Area and Stormwater Management
Outline the area of the site earmarked for construction activity. Illustrate the pattern of stormwater runoff with arrows indicating downhill direction. Show the location of sediment controls (e.g., silt fences) and tree barricades to safeguard trees, neighboring properties, and environmental features.